Tooth Decay

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Causes of tooth decay

Tooth decay is the most common dental disease that children of all ages can face. Bacterias living on the teeth are the reasons for tooth decay. These bacteria turn sugars in food into acid that can weaken the teeth as time goes on, resulting in cavities. Thus, the tendency of eating sugary and acidic food promotes the growth of tooth decay. Other lifestyles, particularly frequent smoking and drinking, can also change the acidity in your mouth and encourage the development of these bad bacteria. Tooth decay may be treated in its initial phase by implementing fluoride treatments and with better oral hygiene. If a cavity exists already, your dentist can repair it with a white filling. If decay is not treated, a tooth can break and it becomes hard to save the tooth and requires to be removed. We understand that dentist visits may not be fun and convenient, but our experienced dentists try to put you in a comfortable position by providing a safe and secure environment with high-quality dental work.

Stages of tooth decay

The initial sign of tooth decay is not as clear as most people believe. Dark spots and holes are found by most people on teeth which are the most general indication of tooth decay. However, those are indications of late-phase tooth decay. The initial indication of tooth decay shows up as a matte white spot on your tooth. This is the region where minerals have been lost. If this is viewed, the decay can be treated, and no surgical operation is required. If appropriate conditions are provided, like decreasing sugar intake and maintaining better oral hygiene, the enamel can repair itself. Extra products such as tooth mousse can also help provide extra minerals required for your enamel to repair itself.

If tooth decay advances beyond the appearance of white spots, the teeth begin to appear darker. This indicates that the decay has reached the inner layer beneath the enamel, known as dentin. This layer is the one that supports the enamel and prevents it from breaking. Without surgery, the teeth can be repaired with the use of specialized products that help reinforce the enamel.

Symptoms of tooth decay

Initial phases of tooth decay often don’t have any symptoms. If left untreated and allowed to progress, tooth decay can result in more severe symptoms such as tooth pain, tooth sensitivity, and facial swelling.

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How to prevent tooth decay

The primary reason for tooth decay is excessive consumption of sugar and failure to maintain a good oral hygiene routine. Good oral hygiene and professional treatments can help to avoid the progression of cavities and tooth decay. Brushing teeth using toothpaste that contain fluoride is the most appropriate way of stopping cavities. It removes the sugars, acid, and food stuck in the teeth that resulted in the development of bad bacteria. Brushing also stops excessive plaque build -up which produces bad bacteria. Fluoride is a significant element that helps in enamel repair and can notably diminish the risk of cavity growth. Frequently flossing stops excessive plaque buildup between teeth where a toothbrush can’t reach. It also stimulates your gums and stops further growth of gum disease. Many types of mouthwash include fluoride and other composition that help in strengthening the enamel. A rinse following a meal can also restore the acidity in your mouth back to normal without over-brushing.

Tooth Decay Treatments

Various alternatives exist to treat tooth decay and it is based on the stage and severity of the decay.

Fluoride treatments:

If tooth decay is identified soon, fluoride treatments can assist the enamel in naturally repairing itself and there is no requirement for surgical operation. This involves the placement of fluoride varnish that your dentist applies to your tooth that is rich with fluoride, encouraging the natural repair of the enamel. Moreover, fluoride trays can also be provided; your dentist offers you a fluoride gel that you employ onto a tray particularly created to fit your teeth, which you wear to support enamel repair.

Fillings:

If tooth decay has advanced to a cavity then white filling or porcelain filling(indirect) should be applied by your dentist for restoring the tooth. They will extract decayed tooth tissue and then fill up the hole by utilizing white filling material.

Root canal:

If the tooth decay has circulated inside of the tooth, you may require a root canal. Your dentist will go for a surgical operation by going into the innermost layer of your tooth and extract the decayed tooth tissue. Then filling material will be utilized to fill the teeth, or in a critical scenario, a new crown is prepared and put on top.

Extraction

Extraction In the most critical case of tooth decay, where tooth repair is not possible, your dentist must fully extract the tooth. Following a tooth extraction, there are several choices to replace the previous tooth with a false tooth including a bridge or implant.

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